Etzanoa: The Lost City
In June 2015, archaeologist Dr. Don Blakeslee led a wide-ranging field study in central and southern Kansas. One of his primary goals was to rediscover the long-lost Native American city of Etzanoa.
He was successful.
The location, size and significance of Etzanoa — or the “Great Settlement,” as Spanish explorers labeled it after their 1601 expedition there — had become lost in the mists of time. For many decades, archaeologists debated these issues.
But in recent years, Blakeslee, a Wichita State University anthropology and archaeology professor, became convinced that the town inhabited by 20,000 ancestral Wichita Indians — the second-largest, or perhaps even the largest, settlement in North America in the early 1600s — was hidden in plain sight.
It was in the present location of Arkansas City, Kansas.
Individual tours are available at Cherokee Strip Land Rush Museum and are led by museum director Sandy Randel.
Morning and evening tours can be custom-made to fit the needs and interests of your group or gathering.